Thanks to Chisago Lake Lutheran Church, Center City, Minnesota: Augustana Lutheran Church, Sioux City, Iowa; Richland Lutheran, Waupaca County, Wisconsin; Swedesburg Lutheran, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Nora Unitarian Church, Hanska, Minnesota; Dalesburg Lutheran Church, Vermillion, South Dakota; Our Savior’s Lutheran Church, Viborg, South Dakota; St. Paul Lutheran, Elk Point, South Dakota; Trinity Lutheran, Brevort, Michigan; Mindekirken, Minneapolis, Minnesota; West Denmark Lutheran, Luck, Wisconsin; St. Olaf Lutheran, Devils Lake, North Dakota; Bethany Lutheran, Covington, Michigan; Vidalin Icelandic Lutheran, Akra, North Dakota; Gloria Dei Lutheran Church, Hancock, Michigan; Trondhjem Church Preservation Society, Lonsdale, Minnesota; Valley Grove Preservation Society, Nerstrand, Minnesota; Northeast North Dakota Heritage Association; Zion Lutheran, Manistique, Minnesota; Finnish American Cultural Center and Archives, Finlandia University, Hancock, Michigan; Douglas County Historical Society (Minnesota) and Taryn Nelson Flolid; Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum; the Museum of Danish America; Immanuel Lutheran, Kimballton, Iowa; Bethlehem Lutheran, Askov, Minnesota; Luther Memorial Church, Des Moines, Iowa; Canton Lutheran, Canton, South Dakota; Springdale Lutheran Church, Mt. Horeb, Wisconsin; Mt. Horeb Area Historical Society; Allan Rindahl; Cyril Myren and Lyster Lutheran Church, Nelson, Wisconsin; Jordan Lutheran Church, Brownstown, Wisconsin; Carolyn Torma; Gustavus Adolphus College; Rod Oppegard; Ruth E. Hetland; Don Dickman; Liz Almlie and the South Dakota State Historic Preservation Office; Joe DeRose and the Wisconsin State Historic Preservation Office; Paul Daniels and Luther Seminary Archives; and Tim Prizer, Emily Sajdak, Bob Jaeger, and Joshua Castaño–colleagues at Partners for Sacred Places.
Anderson, Kristin. Norwegian-American Church Art: Altar Paintings by Herbjørn Gausta, Sarah Kirkeberg Raugland, and Arne Berger. Decorah, Iowa: Vesterheim Norwegian-American Museum, 2001.
Anderson, Kristin. “Altars in the Norwegian-American Church: An Opportunity for Folk Expression.” In Marion John Nelson, ed. Material Culture and People’s Art of the Norwegians in America. Northfield, Minnesota: Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1994, 199-226.
Douglas County Historical Society. Spruce Hill Church. https://www.dchsmn.org/places/historical-sites/spruce-hill-lutheran-church/
DuBois, Thomas A. Sacred to the Touch, Nordic and Baltic Religious Wood Carving. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2018.
Find A Grave. Pehr Christianson. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/109845569
Gilbertson, Laurann, “Religion and Norwegian-American Quilts” (2009). Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Symposium of the International Quilt Museum. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/iqsc4symp/
Gilbertson, Laurann and Olsen, Karen, “Piecing Together a New Home: Needlework in Kvinden og Hjemmet Magazine” (2004). Textile Society of America Symposium Proceedings. 429. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/tsaconf/429
Gustavus Adolphus College (St. Peter, Minnesota). “The Festival of Saint Lucia.” https://gustavus.edu/events/stlucia/legend.php)
Henning, Darrell D., Marion J. Nelson, and Roger L. Welsch. Norwegian-American Wood Carving of the Upper Midwest. An exhibition assembled by Vesterheim, the Norwegian-American Museum, Decorah, Iowa, 1978.
Horton, Laurel, “Swedish Quilts in the Context of the Hemslöjd Movement” (2009). Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Symposium of the International Quilt Museum. 8. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/iqsc4symp/8
Holmio, Armas K.E. History of the Finns in Michigan. Ellen M. Ryynanen, translator. Detroit, Wayne State University Press, 2001, pp. 368-69.
Holzhueter, John O. “Aslak Lie and the Challenge of the Artifact.” Wisconsin Magazine of History 70/1 (Autumn, 1986):2-20.
KCII Radio. “Taste a Decades-Long Tradition at Swedesburg Smörgåsbord Thursday.” KCII Radio, Washington, Iowa, Dec. 5, 2017.” https://www.kciiradio.com/2017/12/05/taste-a-decades-long-tradition-at-swedesburg-smorgasbord-thursday/
Lead Daily Call. “Don’t Miss JL’s Gifts” (Sweatman’s Art Memorial/Charles Alaniva). August 1, 1984, p. 8.
Marconi, Emma. American Decorative Stenciling: 1840-1940. M.S. Thesis, School of Architecture, Planning, and Historic Preservation, Columbia University, 2012.
Michigan State University Museum. “The Swedish-American Community of Brevort, Michigan, Brevort, Swedish Midsummer Pole and Celebration.” Michigan Heritage Award, 2010. “http://traditionalarts.msu.edu/programs/michigan-heritage-awards/mha-awardee/?kid=A2-369-5D
Museum of Danish America. “Viking Style Church Ship.” Across Oceans, Across Time… Stories from the Family History & Genealogy Center. Museum of Danish America, Elkhorn, Iowa. https://www.danishmuseum.org/pdfs/stories/Viking_church_ship.pdf
Nelson, Marion John. “Folk Art and Faith Among Norwegian Americans.” In Nichol, Todd W., ed. Crossings: Norwegian-American Lutheranism as a Transatlantic Tradition. Northfield, Minnesota: Norwegian-American Historical Association, 2003, pp. 73-92.
Nelson, Marion John, ed. Norwegian Folk Art, The Migration of a Tradition. Abbeville Press in association with Museum of American Folk Art and the Norwegian Folk Museum, 1995.
Nelson, Marion John. ed. Material Culture and People’s Art Among the Norwegians in America. Northfield, Minnesota: The Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1994.
Nielson, Anne-Grethe Krogh. “Sailing in Unity and Spirit.” The Danish Lutheran Church and Cultural Center of Southern California, January 24, 2016. https://www.danishchurchsocal.com/sermons/2016/3/19/w007r1q3vthj8am66e2pm5u7c495bx#
Pedersen, Edwin Smidt. Jes Smidt, Immigrant Woodcarver. Self-published, 2011.
Pedersen, Edwin Smidt. “Jes Smidt, Immigrant Woodcarver,” pp. 25-29. Photocopy from unknown source.
Rindahl, John. Entry in Trempealeau County History page, http://trempealeaucountyhistory.org/?page_id=179
Sharples, Rita. “St. Lucia Tradition Sunday at Dalesburg” Vermillion Plain Talk, Dec. 9, 2016. https://www.plaintalk.net/local_news/article_2d5248d2-be37-11e6-917d-bf714e2a5608.html
Stokker, Kathleen. Keeping Christmas, Yuletide Traditions in Norway and the New Land. St. Paul, Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2000.
Teie, William C., Andrew John Teie, Julie Pladson Stroh, and Judy R. Craig. “Their Churches.” In The Pladsons of Newburgh Township. Deer Valley Press, 2013, pp. 25-68.
Tweet, Orlando and Delbert Myren. “Unusual Ancestor, Ole Myren: A very talented craftsman.” Budstikken, May 2001: 23, 25.
Waupaca County News. “Lutefisk Supper Turns 100.” October 12 2017. https://waupacanow.com/2017/10/12/lutefisk-supper-turns-100/?fb_comment_id=1697890443617990_1699473276793040&mode=list
Willard, Pat. America Eats! New York, Bloomsbury Press, 2008.